FAQ EU 24 Hour Rule - Entry Summary Declaration (ENS)
The EU Regulation 1875/2006 requires the lodgment of Entry Summary Declarations (ENS) for inbound cargo effective December 31, 2010. These FAQs will provide information about the basic principles of the rule and furthermore, show the Hapag-Lloyd solution how to handle the requirements. Please note that the following FAQs refer to deep sea containerized traffic.
Version: July 2011
When is an ENS (Entry Summary Declaration) required?
All goods brought into the customs territory of the EU, regardless of their final destination, shall be covered by an ENS. I.e. all cargo discharged in an EU port (including transshipment cargo) as well as FROB cargo ( Foreign Cargo Remaining on Board).
Who must lodge the ENS?
- Generally the vessel operator is responsible that an ENS is lodged.
- In case of vessel sharing agreements such as the Grand Alliance or other long term contractual agreements, the B/L issuing ocean carrier is responsible for the timely electronic transmission of the ENS.
Can another party lodge the ENS instead of the ocean carrier?
Yes, a 3rd party, for example a freight forwarder, could file the ENS instead of the carrier, but only with the knowledge and consent of the ocean carrier and with the consequence that the 3rd party is liable for the correctness of the filing.
When must the ENS be lodged?
For deep-sea containerized shipments, i.e. from Americas or Asia to the EU, the ENS must be lodged at least 24 hours prior to commencement of loading in each non-EU load port.
Where must the ENS be lodged electronically?
At the customs office of the first port of entry (first port of call) in the EU. This office will carry out the risk assessment.
Which goods related data elements are required in an ENS?
- Shipper (EORI number whenever this number is available)
- Consignee (EORI number whenever this number is available)
- Notify Party, mandatory where goods are carried under a negotiable “to order” B/L (EORI number whenever this number is available)
- Preferably HS code, at least 4 digits but 6 digit HS Code is recommended, or acceptable cargo description
- Package Type (Code)
- Number of packages
- Container number
- Seal number
- Cargo gross weight (in kilograms)
- UN code for dangerous goods
- Transport charges method of payment code (e.g. payment in cash, payment by credit card, payment by check, electronic credit transfer, account holder with carrier, not pre-paid).
Are there any guidelines for acceptable and non-acceptable cargo descriptions?
Yes, they can be found at Europe Security Information. Nevertheless, it is strictly recommended to use HS codes instead of plain language descriptions to avoid translation.
Are amendments to the ENS allowed after the initial declaration?
In general possible, however, in single cases the amendment request might not be accepted by customs.
All ENS are affected after a notification of an International Diversion has been acknowledged by the originally declared customs office, i.e. none of the ENS can be amended thereafter.
Is the filing of House B/L data with EU customs required?
Unlike USA (AMS), the EU regulation does neither require dual filing nor the submission of ultimate shipper and consignee data. Filing of the master B/L data (ocean carrier’s B/L) is sufficient, even if a freight forwarder/NVOCC is identified as both the shipper and the consignee.
What if a vessel calls EU ports, then a non-EU port and then again EU ports, e.g. Savannah – New York – Tarragona – Malta – Haifa – Piraeus – Livorno – Genoa?
It is necessary to lodge ENS from the US ports with Customs in Tarragona, the first port of entry in the EU. Furthermore a second ENS must be lodged with Customs in Piraeus for cargo previously loaded in the US and for cargo loaded in Tarragona, Malta and Haifa at the latest 2 hours prior to arrival in Piraeus.
What is meant by “International Diversion”?
According to the EU regulation an International Diversion is a diversion where the vessel is diverted to a port in another EU Member State which was not included in the original schedule. For example: Antwerp – Hamburg – Southampton changes to Rotterdam – Hamburg – Southampton. The vessel operator must communicate this International Diversion to the customs office of the original first port of entry in the EU.
When does the grace period end?
The EU Commission decided that all EU countries must terminate their individual grace period for transmission of ENS June 30, 2011 at the latest.
What about penalties for non-compliance?
Decision on penalties are taken pursuant to the national customs legislation in the individual Member State. No precise information have been brought forward by the majority of Member States up to now.
If container are carried on bulk vessels, does this allow a later transmission of ENS?
No matter whether container, including reefer container, are shipped on container or bulk vessels, the deadline for transmitting ENS for containerized cargo is 24 hours prior to loading. Not the vessel type is important but whether the cargo is containerized or in bulk.
Are there any advantages when the EORI (Economic Operator Registration Identification) number of an EU based consignee is transmitted in the ENS?
If the EU based consignee has the AEO (Authorized Economic Operator) status, the inclusion of the EORI number provides a quicker way for Customs to determine whether the cargo in the ENS is controlled by an AEO consignee. A shipment of a consignee with an AEO status may receive a lower risk score.
Has Hapag-Lloyd developed their own in-house solution?
Yes, the decision was taken for an in-house solution, because only few enhancement to our current system are necessary, there are fewer interfaces and we expect less technical problems. Certification and registration with those EU countries where Hapag-Lloyd services have their first EU port of entry has taken place. Meanwhile we are transmitting ENS to the customs authorities of all these countries (BE, DE, ES, FR, GR, IT, MT, NL, RO, UK) and are receiving movement reference numbers (MRN).
Can the Hapag Lloyd solution accommodate 3rd party filing?
Due to the fact that the EU regulation does not require submission of ultimate shipper and consignee data, Hapag-Lloyd presumes that freight forwarders/NVOCCs are not interested in filing instead of the carrier, who is legally responsible for the timely submission of ENS data.
On which level does Hapag-Lloyd file?
On the Master B/L level (ocean carrier’s B/L), which is sufficient according to the EU regulation.
What additional data elements must the customer provide compared to now?
Even though not mandatory yet, Hapag-Lloyd will require the first four digits of the HS code on cargo (cargo line item) level . If possible, we would like to receive the first six digits of the HS code on cargo (cargo line item) level. Reason being that EU Member States are free to chose the language they want to receive the goods’ description in, if provided in plain language. Not all EU Member States will accept a cargo description provided in English.
Does the customer have to provide their method of payment in the shipping instructions?
No, this will be handled in-house, however, this is subject to no further changes of the regulation.
How can customer provide the additional data element if electronic shipping instructions are used?
HS Code data field is already available on HL webpage and for INTTRA ACT and LINK. INTTRA desktop will be enhanced by the HS code data field in Q1 2011. Customers with a bilateral EDI connection to Hapag-Lloyd will be contacted by Hapag-Lloyd for respective enhancements.
How will the customer know that its cargo is EU regulated, for example in case of FROB cargo?
The Hapag-Lloyd booking confirmation (eMail, fax and EDI) contains a “Customs Indicator”.
Will the new regulation have an effect on the documentation cut-off times?
Yes, documentation closing will be as for the other 24 Hour Rules, approximately 72 hours (excluding weekends) prior to loading. Precise information is stipulated in the Hapag-Lloyd booking confirmation.
Will Hapag-Lloyd introduce a “No Doc – No Load” policy for trades to Europe?
If the security manifest data is not transmitted 24 hours prior to loading, this can result in fines and vessel delays in the EU ports. Therefore, all shipping instructions must be submitted according to the documentation cut-off time stipulated in the Hapag-Lloyd booking confirmation. Consequently, non-compliance may lead to cargo not being loaded on board the EU going vessel.
What happens if Hapag-Lloyd receives a “Do not load” message (risk type A) from the customs office of first entry?
We will convey this information to the respective customer in accordance with the legally allowed actions.
What about risk types B and C, interception of suspicious shipment at the first port of entry and interception of suspicious shipment at the port of discharge? Will Hapag-Lloyd inform their customer about it and when?
Unlike risk type A, it is not yet sure when customs will inform the carrier about the other risk types. It is probable that the information will only be obtained upon arrival of vessel. Whenever we will be informed by customs that cargo falls under risk type B or C, Hapag-Lloyd will pass this information on to its customer in accordance with the legally allowed actions.
Has Hapag-Lloyd implemented a charge for filing ENS?
The security initiative requires the electronic transmission of ENS to EU Customs. This demand has had and will continue to have a considerable cost impact on the ocean carrier. Hapag-Lloyd has thus decided to introduce a Security Manifest Documentation Fee (SMD) with effect from January 1, 2011:
- USD 30 per Maritime Transport Document and
- USD 30 for any amendment of data already filed
Whom shall I contact in case of further questions with regard to contents of the EU Regulation 1875/2006?
Please contact your nearest Hapag-Lloyd sales office.
Are there any specific requirements to be followed by freight forwarders/NVOCCs booking consolidated cargo?
No, there are not. Unlike USA (AMS) filing of House Bs/L displaying the ultimate shipper and consignee is not required. It is sufficient if freight forwarders/NVOCCs lodge their regular shipping instructions according to the documentation closing times stipulated in the Hapag-Lloyd booking confirmation. Provision of the four digit HS code on cargo (cargo line item) level in the shipping instructions is strongly recommended.